The Case of the Bosnian Pyramids Examined

A Report by Andrew Collins from Houston, Texas

Visocica Hill a.k.a. the Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun


In early March I attended the Unearthing Ancient Civilizations conference in Houston, Texas, with Chris Dunn, an expert on ancient Egyptian stone technologies, and Semir "Sam" Osmanagich, the discoverer in 2005 of the so-called Bosnian Pyramids. These are a series of pyramidal hills that are being explored and promoted as artificial structures with given names such as the Pyramid of the Sun, Pyramid of the Moon, Pyramid of the Dragon and Pyramid of Love. I sat in on Osmanagich's stunning visual presentation, which received a standing ovation from the packed audience.

Osmanagich is convinced that the pyramids are artificial, citing evidence of the discovery of large concrete, or "geopolymer", stone slabs on the slopes of the "Pyramid of the Sun", which is in actuality the 2300-feet high Visocica Hill. He also revealed evidence of a labyrinth of caves explored for hundreds of metres, which are located close to the Pyramid of the Sun. These tunnels stretch for some considerable distance, and are often blocked by stone and mortar walls. In my opinion they are both natural and manmade.

Osmanagich has had a host of experts in various fields come to see his Bosnian pyramids, and measure anomalies associated with them. They have included the noted British scientist and inventor Harry Oldfield, who used a special camera system to photograph alleged electromagnetic (EM) waves in the vicinity of Visocica Hill. Most stunning was Osmanagich's apparent discovery of "non hertzian" energy shooting skywards from the apex of the Pyramid of the Sun, visually presented in a slide showing the pyramid with energies being emitted from its summit like a column of divine light.

The energies apparently increase the higher they are measured from the summit, implying that the energy is coming from above, most obviously the ionosphere. If so, then, as Osmanagich suggests, it echoes Nikola Tesla's claims to have drawn down electrical power from the ionosphere.

Carbon-14 testing has been carried out on organic materials taken from the Pyramid of the Sun, and the nearby caves. Although I am not aware exactly which samples relate to what, the results are said to have provided dates in the region of, in one instance, 32,000 BP (before present), 15,000-12,000 BP, and 4600-3000 BP, leading Osmanagich to assume activity in the vicinity of the Bosnian pyramids during these three time periods, and a construction date for the Pyramid of the Sun over 30,000 years ago. If so, this makes the Pyramid of the Sun not just the oldest built pyramid in the world, but Bosnia the cradle of civilization.

I am not sure what to make of the Bosnian Pyramids. I work with empirical facts, as well as a personal, and always evolving, assessment of our past, and how everything fits together on a contextual level. All I can say is that the Bosnian Pyramids, if artificial and Palaeolithic in origin, are outside of that world view, since they don't really fit anything I understand or can accept at this time. Yet there are artefacts that have been found nearby which do give me pause to think. Two in particular - a "two-rock talisman" composed of a large, rounded, head-like stone in red with three holes marking the position of two eyes and a mouth, inside which are stones of another type altogether, as well as a small truncated pyramid, its outside carved to suggest levels of construction. This was found in the valley beneath Visocica Hill by a German archaeological team. Both bear resemblances to carved objects I have seen in collections from South America, which are claimed to be several thousand years old.

The pyramid in particular intrigues me, since it might suggest that the theme of pyramids was something known in this area in the past, implying perhaps that the hill, whether natural or artificial, was revered as a pyramidal structure. On the other hand, the pyramidal object could be a hoax, played on either Osmanagich and his team, or the town in general, or it is simply an out-of-place archaeological object from somewhere else altogether. Unless exact stratigraphical evidence is presented as to how exactly it was found, then essentially it is useless to future research.

Yet beyond this I see no obvious context with respect to the emergence of civilization in the ancient world, which we know began in the Near East around 12,000 years ago, with advanced cultures such as the Pre-Pottery Neolithic world of Gobekli Tepe and Nevali Cori in SE Turkey, c. 10,000-8,000 BC, and, later, Neolithic cities such as Çatal Hüyük in southern Turkey, c. 7000-5000 BC.

Authenticity of the Bosnian Pyramids

Troubled by the whole business, I sought the opinions of colleagues who have investigated the Bosnian pyramids. Some believe them purely natural, whilst others have different views. One French Egyptologist, who has visited Bosnia and seen the pyramids for herself, says that only the Pyramid of the Sun is of artificial construction. She saw on its upper slopes huge "concrete" blocks, underneath which were a patchwork of cross-threaded stone blocks, unique to the ancient world.

The problem is that Visocica Hill has been the focus of much activity in the past. In the twelfth century it became the seat of the Bosnian ban, or ruler. Here was built a royal court, as well as the original town of Visoki. Thus the concrete blocks and stone lacing beneath could have been laid at this time, or during an earlier epoch, since evidence of occupation in the Visoki valley goes back to Neolithic times.

Alternatively, the geopolymar blocks could be natural, as the traditional view on Visocica Hill is that it is covered by dolomite-breccia conglomerates, which look like concrete.

I spoke also to Filip Coppens upon my return to the UK, and asked for his opinions on the Bosnian pyramids. He counts Semir Osmanagich as a friend and has seen them on three occasions. He is convinced of the Bosnian pyramids' authenticity, and points out that the earliest evidence of agriculture in Bosnia has been found in the Visoki valley, something he sees as beyond coincidence.

If Visocica Hill has been sculpted in any way, then dating this engineering feat to the Neolithic era, c. 5000-3000 BC, makes better sense to me. It could thus have been created using an understanding of technology that flourished in the Near East, c. 10,000-8,000 BC, before gradually spreading westwards across Turkey into Old Europe and the Mediterranean, where the construction of megalithic stone temple became widespread from around 4000 BC onwards.

But is this correct? As unlikely as it might seem, there really could be evidence of prehistoric activity in and around Visoki that would confirm the artificial construction of the Bosnian pyramids. For the moment I am happy simply to explore this mystery further before making any final decisions regarding the true nature of the Bosnian pyramids.

For more on the Bosnian pyramids, and to purchase Sam Osmanagich's book Pyramids of the World, go to

Thank you to Peggy-Sue Skipper, Rita Mills and all those at New Era Times and the Houston branch of the A.R.E. who organised the Unearthing Ancient Civilizations conference, and for welcoming me in Houston, TX.

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